Books Excerpts

Upcoming publications by Victor W. Carmody:  Mississippi DUI:  Law and Practice; The DUI Book, Mississippi Edition, co-authored with William C. Head, Esq.; and Mississippi Criminal Trial Practice Forms, all to be published by Thomson-West, Inc..

Victor W. Carmody's Understanding DUI Scientific Evidence, published by Aspatore, is AVAILABLE NOW: 

Preview of Victor W. Carmody's Mississippi DUI:  Law and Practice:

Mississippi DUI:  Law and Practice
Victor W. Carmody, Jr.

*Reprinted from Mississippi DUI: Law and Practice with permission of Thomson Reuters/West.  No further distribution may be made.  For more information about this publication, please visit www.west.thomson.com.

Chapter 1:  Driving Under the Influence (DUI) – Defining the Crime – Historical Viewpoint

 The first chapter describes the historical origins of the criminal offense of driving under the influence (DUI) in Mississippi, and also explains the different kinds of DUI offenses that exist today.  This chapter includes twenty-one (21) sections ranging from basic definitions to the intricacies of the elements and penalties of DUI that are crucial for the attorney handling a DUI case.

Sections in Chapter 1 include:

§ 1:1  Generally
§ 1:2  - Definitions
§ 1:3  - Driving under the influence (DUI)
§ 1:4  - Per se offense
§ 1:5  - Common law DUI
§ 1:6  - Vehicle operations/property
§ 1:7  - Public property
§ 1:8  - Private property
§ 1:9  - What constitutes being a driver/operator?
§ 1:10  - Motorized vehicles vs. nonmotorized vehicles
§ 1:11  Driving under the influence (unsafe to drive DUI)
§ 1:12  Driving under the influence (“per se” DUI)
§ 1:13  Driving under the influence (drugs)
§ 1:14  Driving under the influence (other substances)
§ 1:15  Penalties for a DUI conviction
§ 1:16  - The age of the defendant at the time of the DUI offense
§ 1:17  - Penalties whether this is a first or a subsequent DUI conviction
§ 1:18  - The length of time between this and any prior DUI convictions
§ 1:19  - CDL licenses
§ 1:20  Child endangerment pursuant to DUI
§ 1:21  Deportation possibility for immigrants

Chapter 2:  Serious Driving Offenses Related to DUI

 Chapter 2 discusses the most serious offenses associated with DUI in Mississippi.  For example, the elements of a DUI offense that results in injury or death are discussed, as well as Mississippi case law and practice pointers.

Sections in Chapter 2 include:

§ 2:1  Vehicular homicide/DUI manslaughter
§ 2:2  Vehicular feticide
§ 2:3  Serious injury by vehicle
§ 2:4  Certain “DUI-drug” convictions plus certain nondriving “drug offenses
  will cause a “hard” license suspension

Chapter 3:  Related Nonserious Traffic Offenses

 The third chapter exhaustively explains many of the common traffic violations associated and charged in addition to DUI.  Speeding, failure to yield, following too closely, and no proof of insurance are just a few of the many offenses discussed in Chapter 3.  This chapter is invaluable to the practitioner handling a Mississippi DUI case, not only for the descriptions and legal references to each offense, but also for the practice strategies which are described.

Sections in Chapter 3 include:

§ 3:1  Speeding
§ 3:2  Rules governing “speed detection devices”
§ 3:3  Failure to maintain lane
§ 3:4  Overtaking and passing generally
§ 3:5  When overtaking and passing on the right permitted
§ 3:6  Limitations on overtaking and passing on the left
§ 3:7  Failure to yield
§ 3:8  Illegal U-turn
§ 3:9  Traffic control devices
§ 3:10  Following too closely
§ 3:11  Too fast for conditions
§ 3:12  Open container violation
§ 3:13  Defective equipment
§ 3:14  Headlights off
§ 3:15  Failure to dim lights
§ 3:16  Failure to wear a seat belt
§ 3:17  No proof of insurance
§ 3:18  Obtaining a “points” reduction for your client
§ 3:19  Requiring or permitting unlawful operation of a vehicle

Chapter 4:  Implied Consent

Chapter 4 provides the basic and specific concepts of “Implied Consent.”  We begin with the origins of implied consent in Mississippi, and follow through with the important constitutional doctrines, as well as all statutory legal rights guaranteed to the driver faced with a DUI charge. 

Sections in Chapter 4 include:

§ 4:1  Generally
§ 4:2  The wording of implied consent advisements
§ 4:3  Constitutional validity
§ 4:4  Advisement of implied consent rights
§ 4:5  Arrest
§ 4:6  - Arrest based on the initiation of a stop of a motor vehicle
§ 4:7  - Arrest based on a stop of a motor vehicle at a roadblock
§ 4:8  - Arrest based on the investigation of a motor vehicle accident
§ 4:9  State-administered test
§ 4:10  Independent test
§ 4:11  Refusal
§ 4:12  Challenges to the admissibility of the evidence of refusal
§ 4:13  - Properly raising challenges by timely motion
§ 4:14  - Oral motions in limine
§ 4:15  - Burden of proof
§ 4:16  - Defendant's presence at the motion hearing is required
§ 4:17  The civil nature of implied consent
§ 4:18  The mandatory blood test for operators involved in a fatal accident

Chapter 5:  State-Administered Tests

 The fifth chapter encompasses Mississippi's laws, policies and procedures for chemical testing of a driver's blood, breath or urine.

Sections in Chapter 5 include:

§ 5:1  Breath tests and tests in general
§ 5:2  - Types of breath tests
§ 5:3  - The Intoxilyzer 8000
§ 5:4  - Alcohol biochemistry
§ 5:5  - Breath testing
§ 5:6  - Independent testing
§ 5:7  - Breath testing and statutory requirements
§ 5:8  - Breath test machine certification and other statutory requirements
§ 5:9  - Liability for those performing the testing
§ 5:10  - Test result discovery
§ 5:11  Special challenges to breath or blood tests in “accident” cases
§ 5:12  Blood tests
§ 5:13  Urine tests
§ 5:14  Further research

Chapter 6:  Field Sobriety Evaluations

 Chapter 6 discusses and explains the roadside “tests” that are routinely given to motorists charged with DUI in Mississippi.  This chapter analyzes the NHTSA-approved field sobriety exercises and Mississippi law on the subject.

Sections in Chapter 6 include:

§ 6:1  Field sobriety evaluations, generally
§ 6:2  - Historic roots
§ 6:3  Fifth Amendment challenge – does Miranda apply?
§ 6:4  The Alco-Sensor and other initial alcohol screening tests
§ 6:5  Fourth Amendment challenges to field testing “after” custody
§ 6:6  Horizontal gaze nystagmus
§ 6:7  The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) –
  Standardized field sobriety tests
§ 6:8  The newest “voodoo” science:  the “DEC” Program

Chapter 7:  Search and Seizure

 The Search and Seizure chapter specifically covers the relevant Fourth Amendment doctrines that routinely apply in Mississippi DUI cases.

Sections in Chapter 7 include:

§ 7:1  Constitutional standard
§ 7:2  Investigative stops
§ 7:3  Traffic offenses
§ 7:4  Roadblocks/sobriety checkpoints
§ 7:5  Arrest
§ 7:6  Automobile Searches

Chapter 8:  Confessions and Admissions

Sections in Chapter 8 include:

§ 8:1  Generally
§ 8:2  Defendant's statements are discoverable, whether custodial or not
§ 8:3  Traffic stop not “custody”
§ 8:4  When Miranda warnings are required
§ 8:5  When Miranda warnings are not required
§ 8:6  Non-Mirandized statements can be used even where the defendant is the
   focus of the investigation
§ 8:7  Compulsion
§ 8:8  Silence is not an admission
§ 8:9  Admissions distinguished from confessions
§ 8:10  Spontaneous statements
§ 8:11  Under the influence
§ 8:12  The evolving determination of custody
§ 8:13  Remedy for a Miranda violation

Chapter 9:  Attorney-Client Relationship

Sections in Chapter 9 include:

§ 9:1  Generally
§ 9:2  Acquiring the skills and tools to win
§ 9:3  Practice tips
§ 9:4  Professional conduct
§ 9:5  Fee agreements
§ 9:6  Administrative license suspension deadline for action
§ 9:7  Information to obtain
§ 9:8  Advise your client what to expect
§ 9:9  Getting your client into treatment/safety net

Chapter 10:  Administrative License Suspension

Sections in Chapter 10 include:

§ 10:1  Generally
§ 10:2  Overview of the administrative rules of Commissioner of Public Safety
§ 10:3  Defenses to suspension
§ 10:4  Constitutional challenges
§ 10:5  Proper and timely implied consent advisements
§ 10:6  Appeal
§ 10:7  License suspension for non-DUI related crimes

Chapter 11:  Discovery Tools and Access to the State's Evidence

Sections in Chapter 11 include:

§ 11:1  Sources of authority
§ 11:2  Applications
§ 11:3  Exculpatory evidence
§ 11:4  Motion to produce/subpoena duces tecum
§ 11:5  Open Records Actce

Chapter 12:  Venue and Jurisdiction

Sections in Chapter 12 include:

§ 12:1  Venue
§ 12:2  Jurisdiction
§ 12:3  Statute of limitations

Chapter 13:  Inferior (Nonjury) Courts

Sections in Chapter 13 include:

§ 13:1  Generally
§ 13:2  Disposition in justice and municipal (city) court
§ 13:3  Transfer to county/circuit court
§ 13:4  Absolute right to appeal decision to county/circuit court

Chapter 14:  Motion Practice

Sections in Chapter 14 include:

§ 14:1  The charging document
§ 14:2  Speedy trial
§ 14:3  Arraignment
§ 14:4  Pretrial conference/plea bargaining
§ 14:5  Entry of plea
§ 14:6  Pretrial motions
§ 14:7  Defenses
§ 14:8  - Shelter principle
§ 14:9  - Entrapment

Chapter 15:  Trial

Sections in Chapter 15 include:

§ 15:1  Constitutional rights
§ 15:2  Voir dire
§ 15:3  Opening statement
§ 15:4  Evidence
§ 15:5  Cross-examination gems
§ 15:6  Motion for directed verdict of acquittal
§ 15:7  Closing arguments
§ 15:8  Jury instructions
§ 15:9  Mistrial
§ 15:10  Post-trial motions

Chapter 16:  Sentencing

Sections in Chapter 16 include:

§ 16:1  Generally
§ 16:2  Misdemeanor DUI
§ 16:3  Evidence in aggravation
§ 16:4  Attacks on prior conduct
§ 16:5  Incarceration
§ 16:6  Maximums
§ 16:7  Fines
§ 16:8  Probation
§ 16:9  License suspension
§ 16:10  Appeals and post-trial matters

Chapter 17:  Boating/Flying Under the Influence

Sections in Chapter 17 include:

§ 17:1  Generally
§ 17:2  Boating under the influence of alcohol (per se)
§ 17:3  Boating under the influence of alcohol (less safe/under the influence)
§ 17:4  Boating under the influence of drugs or other substances
§ 17:5  Implied consent
§ 17:6  Implied consent not withdrawn by death or loss of consciousness
§ 17:7  Implied consent warnings
§ 17:8  Refusal admissible in evidence
§ 17:9  Nolo contendere or Alford pleas may be allowed
§ 17:10  Reckless operation of vessel or other water device
§ 17:11  Serious injury by vessel
§ 17:12  Administrative suspension/revocation hearing of boating privileges for
              submitting to testing and being over the legal limit
§ 17:13  Penalties
§ 17:14  Reasonable suspicion to stop a boat
§ 17:15  Flying under the influence

*Reprinted from Mississippi DUI: Law and Practice with permission of Thomson Reuters/West.  No further distribution may be made.  For more information about this publication, please visit www.west.thomson.com.

 Preview of Victor W. Carmody's Mississippi Criminal Trial Practice Forms:

Mississippi Practice Series: Mississippi Criminal Trial Practice Forms
Victor W. Carmody, Jr.

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